Ustrushana was an ancient country in southwestern Central Asia. It encompassed part of the Syr Darya valley, where this 2nd–4th century AD cemetery is located. This was a crossroads of caravan routes within the Great Silk Road. The cemetery was excavated by V.F. Gaydukevich, M.Z. Panichkina, and M.M. Gerasimov in 1943. The cranium from burial 1, that of a woman aged 25-27, used for facial reconstruction by Gerasimov, reveals a sharply profiled face and protruding nose – a combination indicative of the Mediterranean type. It is very ancient in southwestern Central Asia.